Ocean was a sailing ship built in 1808 at Whitby, England.
Under the command of Samuel Remmington she sailed from Spithead, England, on 21 August 1817, and arrived at Port Jackson on 10 January 1818. She transported 180 male convicts, none of whom died on the voyage.
Ocean left Port Jackson on 15 February bound for Batavia.
Under the command of William Harrison, Ocean sailed from Portsmouth on 24 April 1823, and arrived at Port Jackson on 27 August 1823. She transported 173 male convicts, six of whom died on the voyage.
Ocean left Port Jackson in February 1824 bound for London. While en route she encountered a large gale and she lost her live stock overboard. She also rescued the crew of the whaler Arab, before Arab sank. Ocean went to Saint Helena to undertake repairs and buy provisions. She arrived in London in 1825.
Citations and references
Bateson, Charles (1959). The Convict Ships. Brown, Son & Ferguson. OCLC3778075.
Hackman, Rowan (2001) Ships of the East India Company. (Gravesend, Kent: World Ship Society). ISBN 0-905617-96-7
Captain Andrew Patton sailed Ocean for Bombay and China. He had been captain of the company's previous Ocean, which had wrecked in 1797. Because the French Revolutionary Wars were still on going, Patton received a letter of marque, which was dated 10 December 1800.
Ocean left Portsmouth on 9 January 1801 and reached on 22 May. From there she sailed for China. She reached Whampoa on 6 October. On the return leg she crossed the Second Bar on 7 December. She arrived at Saint Helena on 12 April 1802, and The Downs on 10 June.
On Ocean's second voyage, Patton was again her captain and he left The Downs on 13 October 1802 for the Cape of Good Hope, Madras, Bombay and China. After the resumption of war with France in 1803, Patton posthumously received a new letter of marque dated 1 July 1803 for the same vessel, with a crew of 140 men and 36 guns. Patton died at Bombay in June 1803; Ocean's first lieutenant, John Christian Lochner, became captain and it was he that commanded her at the battle of Pulo Aura. Ocean reached Britain on 15 August 1804.
"Ocean" (stylized as "OCEAN") is the 37th Japanese single by South Korean pop duo Tohoshinki. It was released on June 12, 2013 by Avex Trax as the first single from their seventh Japanese studio album, Tree (2014). Written and produced by Shinjiroh Inoue, "Ocean" was released in three editions – a CD+DVD version, a CD-only version, and a Bigeast Board edition.
The single sold 88,428 copies on its first day of release, and 116,782 copies by its second, breaking a new record for the group. "Ocean" landed at number two on the weekly Oricon Singles Chart by selling 140,872 copies, and was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of Japan (RIAJ). Charting for over nine months, "Ocean" has reported sales of 159,163 according to the Oricon.
"Ocean" was used as the June monthly theme song for five different Japanese variety shows, which include the daytime show PON!, the music show Music Dragon (ミュージックドラゴン), the game show Sore Ike! Game Panther! (それいけ!ゲームパンサー!), and Futtonda (フットンダ). The B-side track "Wedding Dress", written by Shirose and Shimada of White Jam, was used as the theme song for BeeTV's mobile drama, The Greatest Proposal (最上のプロポーズ).
When we flew to the Cook Islands to film Mining the PacificOcean, a 101East investigation into deep-sea exploration and climate change, I had tempered expectations about an on-camera interview with the country’s leader ...Moana Minerals has been granted an exploration licence to investigate what lies on the ocean floor.
Each mining operation could effectively strip mine 8000-9000 square kilometres of deep ocean seabed over a 30-year mining licence period ... However the mining company went bankrupt and the PNGGovernment lost around $200 million ... Wastewater containing sediment and mine tailing, which may be toxic, pumped back into the ocean would also form plumes.
Moreover, a lot of oil exploration is done in the ocean, but as yet deep-sea mining is nascent and environmentally sensitive. Mr Adkerson notes that Lockheed Martin, an American armsmaker that had thrown its weight behind deep-sea mining, has just sold a subsidiary with licences to explore part of the PacificOcean.
An estimated 22 to 30 cetacean species, including endangered blue whales, can be found in the ClarionClippertonZone, an ocean region in the northern Pacific, where the ISA has granted 17 seabed mining exploration licences ... Previous research on ocean noise has found whales can suffer negative effects.
However, mining companies have been licenced to mine the territory in some communities such as Kartong and Sanyang villages. Kartong VDC had previously warned the GeologyDepartment not to grant mining licence to any company to mine its territory ... to be licenced to mine at Kartong.
The NationalOceanicAdministrativeAssociation (NOAA) had this to say about the impact of deep sea mining on the ecosystems and habitats of the deep. ... Each mining operation would effectively strip mine 8,000-9,000 square kilometres of deep ocean seabed over a 30-year mining licence period.
The scientists examined the regulatory framework and regional management objectives at each site, as well as exploratory mining licences ... The extinction threat was worst in the IndianOcean, where every species was listed as threatened and 60% as critically endangered, and where many mining exploration licences have been issued by the ISA.
Ocean scientists have warned that mining activity should not proceed until more research is conducted into the little known environment of the deep sea. But amid growing interest in polymetallic nodules on the seabed, several Pacific countries, including Nauru, have already sponsored exploration licences for deep sea mining companies.
The Nigerian government took over all assets belonging to tycoon Festus Fadeyi, including Pan Ocean, in July, saying he owed 240-billion naira ($625m) in debts ... Pan Ocean produced an average of 3,400 barrels of crude per day from its licence, known as Oil Mining Lease 98, in 2018, according to government data.
An analysis published last month in the journal One Earth warned of the threat to the oceans from “blue acceleration”, the recent rise in marine industrialisation, which includes seabed mineral mining. Greenpeace warned last year that 29 ocean-floor exploration licences had been ...
After leveraging marine science diplomacy to good effect in the South China Sea over the last many years, China has begun to extend it to the IndianOcean...First, to map the sea-bed resources of the world’s oceans. China has internationally sanctioned licences to explore sea-bed mining in a few areas including in the South-western Indian Ocean.
Greenpeace report reveals 29 floor-exploration licences have been granted worldwide The world’s oceans are facing a “new industrial frontier” from a fledgling deep-sea mining industry as companies line up to extract metals and minerals from some of the most important ecosystems on the planet, a report has found.